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A Comprehensive Guide to Homeschooling

Desert peoples


 

Millions of people live in deserts around the world. They are called ‘Desert Peoples’.

 

Why we call them ‘Desert peoples’?

The human beings of a particular nation or community or ethnic group are called peoples. Such people live in deserts are called desert peoples.

E.g.      Aborigines of Australia, Bedouins in the Syrian Desert, Nomadic Mongols of the Gobi Desert

 

What do desert peoples do for their living?

 

1)      Some people mine copper or other materials in desert mines.

2)      Some people work on desert farms.

3)      Shepherds (or nomads) in the Middle-East go from place to place looking for food and water for their animals.

 

Where do desert peoples live in a desert?

People who live in deserts usually live near a source of water.

E.g.      They live on the banks of rivers that flow through deserts or on oases.

 

Water is so important to life in the desert that it must be used carefully and be carefully protected.

 

Desert oases

 

How do deserts lose most of the rainwater?

It either runs off the hard, dry surface or evaporates into the air.

 

How is an oasis formed?

A little amount of rainwater soaks it to the ground where it may eventually join underground rivers and streams. In few places, water from these underground rivers or streams flows to the surface of the desert. The water forms a spring or waterhole, making the land fertile so plants can grow. This is called an oasis. A river flowing through a desert may have long oases along its banks.

 

What is a spring?

A place where water flows out of the ground is called a spring.

 

What is a waterhole?

A pool of water from which animals drink regularly is called a waterhole.

 

 

What are the plants grown on an oasis?                    What are the animals kept by oasis peoples?

* Some vegetables                                                                              * Cattle

* Dates                                                                                                * Sheep

* Figs                                                                                                   * Goats

* Olives                                                                                                * Camels

* Apricots

 

 

Nomadic peoples

 

What are the two types of people live in a desert?

 

1)      People who live in permanent houses.

2)      Nomads or nomadic peoples

 

Who are nomads or nomadic peoples?

People who live and work on the move from place to place are called nomads or nomadic peoples.

 

Why do nomadic people in deserts often travel at night?

Because it is so hot during the day, desert peoples often travel at night when it is cool, and rest during the daytime.

 

What are the deserts where nomads can be found?

1) Sahara Desert          2) Arabian Desert        3) Syrian Desert           4) Gobi Desert

 

What are the nomadic people in these deserts called?

1) Sahara Desert          – Bedouins                   3) Syrian Desert           – Bedouins

2) Arabian Desert        – Bedouins                   4) Gobi Desert             – Mongol People

 

 

Bedouins

 

Who are ‘Bedouins’?

Arabian nomadic people are called Bedouins.

 

Why do Bedouins visit oases?

  • To exchange meat, skins and handicrafts for tea, dates, rice and other foods.
  • To let their camels drink water there.

 

What do Bedouins usually eat?

They live mainly on camel’s milk, cheese and dates.

 

What are Bedouins’ tents made from?

Bedouins’ tents made from goat or camel skins

 

Why do Bedouins wear long, flowing robes?

To protect themselves from the heat, cold and wind-blown sand

 

 

Nomadic Mongols (Mongol people) of the Gobi Desert

 

Where is the Gobi Desert located?

In Mongolia (Mongolia is a landlocked country in East and Central Asia. It borders Russia to the north and the People’s Republic of China to the south, east and west.)

 

What are Nomadic Mongols?

Nomadic Mongols are herdsmen

 

What are the animals kept by Nomadic Mongols?

  • Sheep
  • Cattle
  • Goats
  • Camels
  • Horses (short-legged horses, long-haired horses)

 

What are Nomadic Mongol tents called?

Gers
Mongolian gers

 

What is the shape of these gers?

Gers are round tents

 

How are these tents made?

They are made from thick felt (a type of thick fabric) stretched over a wooden frame.

 

Why do governments encourage the Bedouins and Mongol people to change to a more settled life?

To avoid people crossing one country to another illegally (without having permission / against the law)

 

 

Desert clothing and housing

 

Desert clothes

To avoid heat people in deserts have to dress up carefully.

 

What kinds of clothes do people wear in the desert and why do they wear such clothes?

 

Clothing

Reason to wear it

Long, flowing robes  To protect from the heat, cold and wind-blown sand
Loose fittings To prevent a lot of sweat evaporation, so that the body does not dehydrate (Removal of water) so quickly
Headgears (clothing for the heads) To protect the head from the hot sun
Blankets To protect the face and keep the sand out of the mouth

 

 

What colours are these clothes?

People who live in deserts wear light colours, because dark colours attract and absorb heat and light colours reflect heat.

 

What materials are the clothes made of?

These clothes are mostly made of linen or cotton or any breathable fabric. These materials allow air to reach the body and keep the body cool.

 

Desert homes

 

What are desert homes made of?

 

Type of home

Materials used to build it

Mud-bricked homes (Permanent houses) Sun dried mud bricks (Native American mud-bricked homes are called ‘Adobe homes’)
Portable homes like tents (Temporary houses) Goat or camel skinsThick fabricThickly woven goat’s hair

 

 

Why are so many houses in desert areas painted white?

Houses in deserts are painted white, because white reflects heat and keep inside the house cool.

 

Why do desert houses often have thick walls and small windows?

1) Then the heat or sunlight cannot directly and easily enter homes.

2) Since the rain is torrential (very heavy rains), desert houses need to be water proof.