Millions of people live in deserts around the world. They are called ‘Desert Peoples’.
Why we call them ‘Desert peoples’?
The human beings of a particular nation or community or ethnic group are called peoples. Such people live in deserts are called desert peoples.
E.g. Aborigines of Australia, Bedouins in the Syrian Desert, Nomadic Mongols of the Gobi Desert
1) Some people mine copper or other materials in desert mines.
2) Some people work on desert farms.
3) Shepherds (or nomads) in the Middle-East go from place to place looking for food and water for their animals.
People who live in deserts usually live near a source of water.
E.g. They live on the banks of rivers that flow through deserts or on oases.
Water is so important to life in the desert that it must be used carefully and be carefully protected.
It either runs off the hard, dry surface or evaporates into the air.
A little amount of rainwater soaks it to the ground where it may eventually join underground rivers and streams. In few places, water from these underground rivers or streams flows to the surface of the desert. The water forms a spring or waterhole, making the land fertile so plants can grow. This is called an oasis. A river flowing through a desert may have long oases along its banks.
A place where water flows out of the ground is called a spring.
A pool of water from which animals drink regularly is called a waterhole.
What are the plants grown on an oasis? What are the animals kept by oasis peoples?
* Some vegetables * Cattle
* Dates * Sheep
* Figs * Goats
* Olives * Camels
1) People who live in permanent houses.
2) Nomads or nomadic peoples
People who live and work on the move from place to place are called nomads or nomadic peoples.
Because it is so hot during the day, desert peoples often travel at night when it is cool, and rest during the daytime.
1) Sahara Desert 2) Arabian Desert 3) Syrian Desert 4) Gobi Desert
1) Sahara Desert – Bedouins 3) Syrian Desert – Bedouins
2) Arabian Desert – Bedouins 4) Gobi Desert – Mongol People
Arabian nomadic people are called Bedouins.
They live mainly on camel’s milk, cheese and dates.
Bedouins’ tents made from goat or camel skins
To protect themselves from the heat, cold and wind-blown sand
Nomadic Mongols are herdsmen
Gers are round tents
They are made from thick felt (a type of thick fabric) stretched over a wooden frame.
To avoid people crossing one country to another illegally (without having permission / against the law)
To avoid heat people in deserts have to dress up carefully.
Reason to wear it
|Long, flowing robes||To protect from the heat, cold and wind-blown sand|
|Loose fittings||To prevent a lot of sweat evaporation, so that the body does not dehydrate (Removal of water) so quickly|
|Headgears (clothing for the heads)||To protect the head from the hot sun|
|Blankets||To protect the face and keep the sand out of the mouth|
People who live in deserts wear light colours, because dark colours attract and absorb heat and light colours reflect heat.
These clothes are mostly made of linen or cotton or any breathable fabric. These materials allow air to reach the body and keep the body cool.
Type of home
Materials used to build it
|Mud-bricked homes (Permanent houses)||Sun dried mud bricks (Native American mud-bricked homes are called ‘Adobe homes’)|
|Portable homes like tents (Temporary houses)||Goat or camel skinsThick fabricThickly woven goat’s hair|
Houses in deserts are painted white, because white reflects heat and keep inside the house cool.
1) Then the heat or sunlight cannot directly and easily enter homes.
2) Since the rain is torrential (very heavy rains), desert houses need to be water proof.May 3, 2013